Tradisi Seni Patrol dan Identitas Budaya Kampung Bandulan di Kota Malang

Annise Sri Maftuchin, Ary Budiyanto
  JSBN, pp.   

Abstract


Tradisi lokal tidak selalu mengalami pelemahan budaya di ranah global. Tradisi seni patrol di Bandulan Malang adalah salah satunya, seni ini tumbuh dalam proses invented tradition yang diwadahi lewat aktivitas festival. Invented tradition dari konsep Hobsbawn (2000), menjelaskan bahwa pemunculan tradisi difungsikan agar tradisi tidak dipandang sebagai sesuatu yang tua atau identik dengan kuno. Penelitian mengenai tradisi seni patrol ini ditujukan untuk menjawab permasalahan mengenai bagaimana masayarakat Bandulan menciptakan identitas baru bernuansa lokal di ranah global? Untuk menjawab permasalahan tersebut, peneliti menggunakan pendekatan secara antropologis dimana observasi, observasi partisipasi dan wawancara mendalam dilakukan. Metode tersebut menjadi tumpuan dalam menguraikan fenomena di masyarakat Bandulan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan adanya proses invented tradidition secara berkesinambungan dan didukung penuh oleh proses globalisasi yang ada pada ranah festival. Tradisi seni patrol yang di-invented-kan merupakan pengembangan dari tradisi patrol sahur lokal. Dalam perkembangannya konsep culture contact Liep (2001) juga turut berperan mengaktifkan proses pembentukan identitas dari konsep Hall (1990). Kajian ini melibatkan unsur identity as being Bandulan yang dipertemukan dengan budaya luar Bandulan dan budaya global. Percampuran ini kemudian menyatu menjadi hasil akhir suatu kebudayaan utuh dimana cita rasa lokal masih terasa kuat disana. Tradisi seni patrol tampil menjadi suatu produk identity as becoming pada festival patrol di Bandulan. Seni patrol bandulan memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda dengan referensinya yaitu ul-daul meskipun sekilas sama, namun seni patrol Bandulan memiliki corak musik yang khas. Karakteristik campursari yang berkembang di Bandulan dan ritme ketukan yang lebih pelan dari pada ul-daul menjadi patokan bahwa penciptaan identitas seni patrol lewat referensi lokal berupa tradisi adalah benar adanya.   

 

ABSTRACT

Local traditions are not always weakened traditional form of culture in the global area. Bandulan patrol art tradition in Malang is one of them, this art is growed by invented tradition process with festival mode. Invented tradition is Hobwbawn (2000) concept which describe of the appearance of a tradition that is not viewed as old. This patrol art traditions research is intended to answer a research problem about how Bandulan local society make create in a new identity on the global area? To answer these problems, researchers used anthropological methode where observation, participatory observation and in-depth interview are used by the research. The method form use to describing phenomena in the Bandulan society. These results indicate the existence of a process invented tradidition going on basis and is fully supported by the process of globalization that exist in the festival media. patrol Art tradition which processed by invented is development of a local patrol sahur tradition , that the development is processed by contact culture who concepted by Liep (2001) helped to describe for process of establishing the identity of of Hall concept (1990). The pattern is related identity as being Bandulan confronted with foreign cultures and global cultures. This mixed process form is fused into the end result of a culture intact where local taste of culture still feels strong up there. The tradition of the art patrol appear to be a identity product of the becoming on the art festival patrol in Bandulan. Bandulan art patrol have different characteristics with ul–daul music though near same , but the Bandulan art patrol has a different style of music that have identic character. Bandulan art patrol has a identic style of typical of art music patrol . Characteristics campursari music what growing up in Bandulan and the slowler rhythm beats than ul-daul be identic style from the creation of identity what have style of local culture which can survive in global area that is true.

 

 


Keywords


Festival; Globalisasi; Invented Tradition; Malang; Patrol Bandulan

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References


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